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Thursday, January 24

  1. page Henry The Navigator edited {1214576w.jpg} {images.jpeg} http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y4PIel81kc "Prince Henry, …
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    {images.jpeg}
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y4PIel81kc
    "Prince Henry, the Navigator." Image. Beazley, C. Raymond. Prince Henry the Navigator, 1901. American History.ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.
    Prince Henry, the Navigator is credited with being chiefly responsible for Portugal's age of exploration. Many important expeditions were undertaken south along the coast of Africa under his direction. His navigators reached Madeira in 1420, Cape Bojador in 1434, Cape Blanc in 1441, Cape Verde in 1445, and the mouth of the Gambia River in 1446. Aside from his interest in all things maritime, Henry's main goals in exploration were to find an African gold supply to strengthen the Portuguese economy (and to pay for more voyages), to convert the pagans to Christianity, and to find a southern trade route to India.
    Early Life
    Henry, born in 1394, was the third of the four sons born to King John I of Portugal and his English wife, Queen Philippa of Lancaster. All four sons were educated in soldiering, statecraft, and the appreciation of literature.
    Henry's first military adventure occurred when he was 21. According to his biographer, Gomes Eanes de Zurara, Henry and his two older brothers persuaded their father to allow them to participate in the campaign to capture Ceuta, a city in Morocco, North Africa that was ruled by the Moors. Their goal was to earn their knighthood in genuine combat instead of in the mock warfare of a tournament. Their campaign was successful, and Henry was rewarded by being appointed the governor of Ceuta.
    Expeditions
    As governor of Ceuta, Henry had both the finances and the ships he needed to begin to sponsor expeditions. Those began in 1418 and continued throughout his lifetime. His captains sailed farther and farther down the African coast in search of a southern route to India. Curiously, although he became known as the Navigator, Henry never embarked on a voyage of discovery himself.
    A Court of His Own
    Although Henry was the governor of Ceuta, he was not required to be in residence there. He only had to provide for its proper defense. In 1419, he returned to Portugal and founded a small court of his own on the Algarve on the southwestern tip of Portugal. Henry was a keen student of both navigation and mapmaking. His court attracted seamen, cartographers, astronomers, shipbuilders, and instrument builders. With his support, the sailing vessel known as the Portuguese caravel, a ship with big triangular sails on two or three masts, was developed; the techniques of cartography were advanced; and navigational instruments were improved. As a result, Portugal's ability to conduct commerce by sea was greatly enhanced. In his later life, Henry established one of the first naval observatories in Europe for the teaching of navigation, astronomy, and cartography. He died in 1460.
    "Prince Henry, the Navigator." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.
    Phoenixfilmandvideo. "Age of Discovery: Spanish and Portugese Explorations (clip) - YouTube." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. 17 Oct. 2007. Web. 18 Oct. 2011.

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Wednesday, February 29

  1. page home edited (: HI

Wednesday, October 19

  1. page Henry The Navigator edited {1214576w.jpg} {images.jpeg} http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y4PIel81kc "Prince Henry,…
    {1214576w.jpg}
    {images.jpeg}
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y4PIel81kc
    "Prince Henry, the Navigator." Image. Beazley, C. Raymond. Prince Henry the Navigator, 1901. American History.ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.
    (view changes)
    10:49 am
  2. file images.jpeg uploaded
    10:45 am
  3. page Vasco da Gama edited {394313w.jpg} Ship {vasco_da_gama_route_map.gif} Ship sailed by Portuguese byPortuguese …
    {394313w.jpg} Ship {vasco_da_gama_route_map.gif}
    Ship
    sailed by PortuguesebyPortuguese explorer Vasco
    "Vasco da Gama's ship." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.
    Winser, Shane. "BBC - History - British History in Depth: Vasco Da Gama." BBC - Homepage. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.
    In the early years after Vasco da Gama first landed near Calicut on the western coast of India on May 20, 1498, thePortuguese confined themselves to setting up a few feitorias (trading posts) on that coast. Before long, however, the imperial policy of King Manuel I (1495–1521) evolved into a plan to establish Portuguese power in Asia permanently by creating a chain of feitorias and fortresses in the Indian Ocean under a unified administration and to replace Venice with Lisbon as the chief port for the distribution of spices throughout Europe. This policy, which was often accompanied by violence, soon attracted the opposition of the Islamic powers in the region. The naval victory won at Diu in 1509 by Dom Francisco de Almeida, first viceroy and governor of Portuguese India (1505–1509), against an alliance of Islamic powers led by Mamluk Egypt and assisted by Venice marked a turning point. This triumph enabled Almeida's successor, Afonso de Albuquerque (1509–1515), to capture Goa (1510), Malacca (1511), and Ormuz (1515). He failed, however, to takeAden and so gain control of the Red Sea, to lay the foundations of the Estado da India, as the Portuguese maritimeempire in Asia later came to be called.
    "Portuguese imperialism in Southeast Asia." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.
    http://www.5min.com/Video/Learn-About-the-Explorer-Vasco-da-Gama-304218420
    "Learn About the Explorer Vasco Da Gama Video – 5min.com." 5min - Find the Best How To, Instructional and DIY Videos – Life Videopedia. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.
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    5:17 am
  4. page Vasco da Gama edited {394313w.jpg} Ship sailed by Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama during the late 15th and early 16th…
    {394313w.jpg} Ship sailed by Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama during the late 15th and early 16th centuries.
    "Vasco da Gama's ship." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.
    ...
    be called.
    "Portuguese imperialism in Southeast Asia." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.
    http://www.5min.com/Video/Learn-About-the-Explorer-Vasco-da-Gama-304218420
    "Learn About the Explorer Vasco Da Gama Video – 5min.com." 5min - Find the Best How To, Instructional and DIY Videos – Life Videopedia. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.

    (view changes)
    5:13 am
  5. page Vasco da Gama edited {394313w.jpg} Ship sailed by Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama during the late 15th and early 16th…
    {394313w.jpg} Ship sailed by Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama during the late 15th and early 16th centuries.
    "Vasco da Gama's ship." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.
    In the early years after Vasco da Gama first landed near Calicut on the western coast of India on May 20, 1498, thePortuguese confined themselves to setting up a few feitorias (trading posts) on that coast. Before long, however, the imperial policy of King Manuel I (1495–1521) evolved into a plan to establish Portuguese power in Asia permanently by creating a chain of feitorias and fortresses in the Indian Ocean under a unified administration and to replace Venice with Lisbon as the chief port for the distribution of spices throughout Europe. This policy, which was often accompanied by violence, soon attracted the opposition of the Islamic powers in the region. The naval victory won at Diu in 1509 by Dom Francisco de Almeida, first viceroy and governor of Portuguese India (1505–1509), against an alliance of Islamic powers led by Mamluk Egypt and assisted by Venice marked a turning point. This triumph enabled Almeida's successor, Afonso de Albuquerque (1509–1515), to capture Goa (1510), Malacca (1511), and Ormuz (1515). He failed, however, to takeAden and so gain control of the Red Sea, to lay the foundations of the Estado da India, as the Portuguese maritimeempire in Asia later came to be called.
    "Portuguese imperialism in Southeast Asia." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.

    (view changes)
    5:10 am

Tuesday, October 18

  1. page Henry The Navigator edited {1214576w.jpg} http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y4PIel81kc "Prince Henry, the Navigator.…
    {1214576w.jpg}
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y4PIel81kc
    "Prince Henry, the Navigator." Image. Beazley, C. Raymond. Prince Henry the Navigator, 1901. American History.ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.
    Prince Henry, the Navigator is credited with being chiefly responsible for Portugal's age of exploration. Many important expeditions were undertaken south along the coast of Africa under his direction. His navigators reached Madeira in 1420, Cape Bojador in 1434, Cape Blanc in 1441, Cape Verde in 1445, and the mouth of the Gambia River in 1446. Aside from his interest in all things maritime, Henry's main goals in exploration were to find an African gold supply to strengthen the Portuguese economy (and to pay for more voyages), to convert the pagans to Christianity, and to find a southern trade route to India.
    ...
    Although Henry was the governor of Ceuta, he was not required to be in residence there. He only had to provide for its proper defense. In 1419, he returned to Portugal and founded a small court of his own on the Algarve on the southwestern tip of Portugal. Henry was a keen student of both navigation and mapmaking. His court attracted seamen, cartographers, astronomers, shipbuilders, and instrument builders. With his support, the sailing vessel known as the Portuguese caravel, a ship with big triangular sails on two or three masts, was developed; the techniques of cartography were advanced; and navigational instruments were improved. As a result, Portugal's ability to conduct commerce by sea was greatly enhanced. In his later life, Henry established one of the first naval observatories in Europe for the teaching of navigation, astronomy, and cartography. He died in 1460.
    "Prince Henry, the Navigator." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.
    Phoenixfilmandvideo. "Age of Discovery: Spanish and Portugese Explorations (clip) - YouTube." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. 17 Oct. 2007. Web. 18 Oct. 2011.
    (view changes)
    10:44 am
  2. page Henry The Navigator edited {1214576w.jpg} http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y4PIel81kc "Prince Henry, the Navigator.…
    {1214576w.jpg}
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y4PIel81kc
    "Prince Henry, the Navigator." Image. Beazley, C. Raymond. Prince Henry the Navigator, 1901. American History.ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.
    ...
    to India.
    Early Life
    Henry, born in 1394, was the third of the four sons born to King John I of Portugal and his English wife, Queen Philippa of Lancaster. All four sons were educated in soldiering, statecraft, and the appreciation of literature.
    ...
    of Ceuta.
    Expeditions
    ...
    discovery himself.
    A Court of His Own
    Although Henry was the governor of Ceuta, he was not required to be in residence there. He only had to provide for its proper defense. In 1419, he returned to Portugal and founded a small court of his own on the Algarve on the southwestern tip of Portugal. Henry was a keen student of both navigation and mapmaking. His court attracted seamen, cartographers, astronomers, shipbuilders, and instrument builders. With his support, the sailing vessel known as the Portuguese caravel, a ship with big triangular sails on two or three masts, was developed; the techniques of cartography were advanced; and navigational instruments were improved. As a result, Portugal's ability to conduct commerce by sea was greatly enhanced. In his later life, Henry established one of the first naval observatories in Europe for the teaching of navigation, astronomy, and cartography. He died in 1460.
    (view changes)
    10:37 am

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